The capacity of a country to saddle nature and its capacity to adapt up to the difficulties postured by it is dictated by its total learning of materials and its capacity to create and deliver them for different applications. Propelled Materials are at the core of numerous innovative improvements that touch our lives. Electronic materials for correspondence and data innovation, optical filaments, laser strands sensors for the insightful condition, vitality materials for sustainable power source and condition, light combinations for better transportation, materials for key applications and that's just the beginning.
The medieval ages where stone, bronze, steel was used have now led to the growth of Ceramics, Minerals from where Metallurgy field aroused. Physics, Chemistry, thermodynamics and several other fields of science have researched metals, alloys, silica and carbon nanomaterial. Material Science has now revolutionized from metals and alloys to semiconductors, plastics, biomaterial, rubbers, polymers, magnetic materials, medicinal implant materials, nanomaterial etc. Smart structures are devices composed of smart materials capable of sensing stimuli, responding to it and reverting to its original state after the stimuli are removed. Self-Healing Materials, Magnetocaloric and thermoelectric materials, Polycaprolactone are emerging smart structures. Smart structures have the ability to resist natural calamities. Several materials like LiTraCon, Silicon, Aerogels, Graphene, Fullerene, Metamaterials, Quantum Dots and Lithium-Ion Batteries have been emerging. These emerging smart materials have found potential applications in health, aerospace, automotive industry etc.